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Conditions we work with


A stroke is a sudden death of brain cells due to lack of oxygen, caused by either a rupture or blockage of its blood supply. It is one of the leading causes of disability. After a stroke you may find that you are more dependent on others or aids to help you function day to day, or the need to adjust your way of living so you can still lead a meaningful and enjoyable life.

Vestibular and dizziness

The vestibular system is the body’s own ‘spirit level’ and gives our brain the ability to perceive information related to where we are in space and where gravity field is. This allows us to maintain balance. The system involves the inner ear (known as the vestibular apparatus) and links up the antigravity muscles and the visual information that is processed together by our brain. When parts of this system are damaged, we can feel dizziness, vertigo, lightheaded or off balanced.

Facial palsy

Facial palsy refers to weakness of the face, due to temporary or permanent damage to the nerve that supplies the facial muscles - the facial nerve (CN VII).

Spinal cord injury

Spinal cord injury can occur as a result of trauma following a road or workplace accident or as a result of tumours or infarcts (lack of blood supply) to the spinal cord. Injury is named by the lowest level that has full normal function. For example, when someone is considered a C5 quadriplegia, it means that the lowest level with full feeling and movement corresponds to the patch of skin and key muscle group associated with that level of nerve supply. In this case it is the bicep muscle and feeling on the outside of the elbow. The American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) uses a detailed and standardised scale to determine this, and it helps us predict functional outcome.

Parkinson's disease

Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative condition that primarily affects the neurotransmitters in the basal ganglia, a part of the brain that is involved in many functions of the body both directly and indirectly. This includes, but is not limited to, cognition, motivation, voluntary movement, eye movement, emotion and it plays a role in the integration and relaying of sensory input.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the brain and spinal cord, that involves an immune-mediated process in which the body's immune system (particularly T cells) abnormally turns on against the central nervous system. The exact trigger or target that the immune system is trying to attack, remains unknown and there currently is no cure. It is thought that environmental factors can predispose a person who is genetically susceptible to develop MS.

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability is diagnosed under the World Health Organisation as a person with significant cognitive impairment and adaptive behaviour, with an onset occurring in the early developmental years. Children and adults with intellectual disability experience difficulties with learning physical and non-physical skills, and integrating fully into mainstream society.


Concussion can be defined as a form of brain injury either by direct or indirect blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere in the body resulting in an impulsive force transmitted to the head. The biomechanical forces typically result in rapid onset neurological impairments that are usually short-lived.


Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder that causes muscles in the body to contract or spasm involuntarily. The involuntary muscle contractions may cause twisting, repetitive movements and abnormal postures. These muscle contractions often interfere with daily activities.

Functional neurological disorder

Functional Neurological Disorder (FND) has historically been classified as a psychological disorder, however the current consensus is to classify it as a neurological disorder as well. FND can present similar to different neurological or vestibular issues (e.g. stroke, dystonia, dizziness or movement disorder) however, the symptoms can fluctuate and demonstrate particular features that characterise this disorder.

Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury refers to a closed or open head injury following trauma, resulting in significant neurological symptoms that may include loss of memory and cognitive function, behavioural changes and physical immobility.

Other conditions

There are many other neurological conditions that we see. As trained adult and paediatric neurological physiotherapists, we are well-equipped with the necessary skills to treat a wide variety of neurological conditions that may not be featured on this website. This may include, but not limited to:



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